Sjogren syndrome is a pathology of an autoimmune nature characterized by symptoms of increased dryness of the eye and oral mucous membranes. This is one of the most frequent diseases of the connective tissue, which occurs mainly in women aged 20 to 60 years. Very rarely, the disease is fixed in young children.
Hyperthyroidism is a disorder of the activity of the thyroid gland, accompanied by the uncontrolled production of the main thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxin (T4). In parallel, the synthesis of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), a pituitary element responsible for the levels of the above biologically active substances, is inhibited.
A thyroid cyst is a benign neoplasm localized in the tissues of the largest and most important gland of the endocrine system. The tumor has a rather small size, and inside it is colloidal content. Many endocrinologists identify such concepts as cyst, adenoma, and nodules, because today there are no clear boundaries by which they can be distinguished.
Addison's disease or bronze disease is a pathological lesion of the adrenal cortex. As a consequence, the secretion of adrenal hormones is reduced. Addison's disease can affect both men and women. In the main risk group, people of the age group 20-40 years. Addison's disease is characterized as a progressive disease with a severe clinical picture.
Autoimmune thyroiditis is a pathology that affects mostly older women (45-60 years old). The pathology is characterized by the development of a strong inflammatory process in the area of the thyroid gland. It occurs due to serious disruptions in the functioning of the immune system, as a result of which it begins to destroy the thyroid cells.
Acromegaly is a disease characterized by an increase in the secretion of somatotropic hormone (STH), disproportionate growth of the bones of the skeleton, an increase in protruding parts of the bones and soft tissues, as well as internal organs, metabolic disturbances. The frequency of acromegaly in men and women is the same, more often people over the age of 30 are affected.
Diabetes mellitus - an endocrine disease caused by a lack of the hormone insulin or its low biological activity. It is characterized by a violation of all types of metabolism, damage to large and small blood vessels and is manifested by hyperglycemia. The first who gave the name of the disease - "diabetes" was a doctor Aretius, who lived in Rome in the second century AD.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disease in which there is a constant increase in blood glucose. The disease is characterized by impaired susceptibility of cells and tissues to insulin, which is produced by pancreatic cells. This is the most common type of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus refers to a classic autoimmune organ-specific disease, which results in the destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic β-cells with the development of absolute insulin deficiency. People who suffer from this disease need insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes, which means they need daily insulin injections.