Yellowing of the nail plate is a symptom that should make a person wary, because often he signals serious problems with the health of the body. In addition, this defect causes discomfort from an aesthetic point of view.
Yellowed nails can cause others to unpleasant associations, or even condemnation for the person's unwillingness to follow the cleanliness of his own body, which is a repulsive effect even on people he knows.
But the change in the color of the nail plate is not a cosmetic flaw, but a cause for excitement and immediate treatment for medical help.
Why do the nails turn yellow?
Conventionally, the causes of yellowing of nails on the hands can be divided into 2 groups:
- problems directly with the nails themselves;
- pathologies occurring in various internal organs.
Consider the most common causes of yellowing fingernails. These include:
- Use aggressive cleaning products without special protective gloves.
- The use of dyes. As a rule, in this case, along with the nails, fingers also acquire a yellowish tint. This change in skin tone occurs, as in the previous case, if the tool was used without human use of rubber gloves.
- Frequent application of nail polishes, or the use of these products of inadequate quality. They are better not to abuse - sometimes the nails also need to "relax."
- Removal of varnish low-quality solution that adversely affects the condition of the nail plate.
- Smoking. Under the influence of cigarette smoke, the fingers along with the nails gradually acquire a yellowish tint. In this case, the only way out is to give up the bad habit. Then the yellowness of the nails will pass by itself.
- Finger injuries.
- Long-term antibiotic therapy using tetracycline or quinoline drugs.
- The so-called "yellow nail syndrome". It often occurs in people older than middle age, and develops under the influence of a disruption of the liver, lungs, endocrine system, etc.
- Jaundice, which develops with pathological liver damage.
- Onychomycosis (common nail fungus) - a type of fungal infection that affects the nails. With this pathology, the nail plate turns yellow and changes its shape and structure.
- Onychogryphosis is a congenital or acquired disease, in which the nail thickens, becomes hard and yellow, acquires a claw-like shape.
- Dystrophic onychia is a pathology that is accompanied by a change in the shade of the nail plates and the appearance of transverse stripes on their surface. Often, such a deviation occurs against the background of pneumonia, measles, rubella, dysentery, etc. The onset of this symptom can also be affected by disorders of the nervous system, or the development of syphilis in a patient.
- Dystrophic processes in the field of nails that have developed with varicose veins, atherosclerosis, rheumatism, diseases of the endocrine system, etc.
- Psoriatic lesion of the skin.
When yellowing nails, you should visit a dermatologist, not a cosmetologist. The measures taken by the manicure masters will only help to temporarily remove the unpleasant defect, but they will not eliminate its cause.
If the yellowing of fingernails is not associated with pathological processes, then an integrated therapeutic approach will help to get rid of this defect. It is not only about cosmetic procedures, but also about making adjustments to the diet, and about compliance with all rules of hand hygiene.
When is yellow nails a sign of illness?
Sometimes the yellowing of the nails may indicate that the work of certain organs has failed. In this case, you need to carefully listen to your body, and look at the presence of associated symptoms, if any.
Yellowed nail plates may indicate a pathological process in case:
- before such a deviation was not observed;
- the person did not use nail polishes, and did not use liquid to remove it;
- a few days before the yellowing of the nail plates, there was no contact with the aggressive elements of household chemicals;
- nail injuries did not occur;
- there was no direct contact with a person infected with a fungal infection;
- along with the yellowness of the nails, the person complains of general malaise, weakness and other symptoms;
- changing the shade of the nail plate is accompanied by an increase in body temperature.
How to treat yellow nails?
Since the causes of yellowing of the nail plates can be the most serious, first of all, it is necessary to eliminate them, or else eliminate their effects on the body. If the disease is still diagnosed, the patient must check with his doctor whether it is possible to use special bleaching agents for the nails in parallel with the medicines prescribed by him.
In case of fungal nail damage, antimycotics are prescribed - antifungal drugs: varnishes, ointments, sprays, etc. The treatment of onychomycosis is carried out only in the office of a dermatologist. In this case, it is necessary to begin to soften the nail plate, and only then do it scraping.
They can only be cured by identifying and eliminating its causes. After that, they resort to the main therapeutic methods - the use of drugs aimed at improving the blood supply to the nail. Medicines can be intended for both local and systemic use.
Local preparations, whitening the nail plate, may be used only after consulting a dermatologist and a therapist. Such drugs are available in the form of gels, pencils, creams.
In addition to medical drugs, recipes for alternative medicine help to get rid of the yellowness of nails on the hands. Of course, the effect of their use will have to wait a little longer, but the list of contraindications and side effects they have is minimal.
So, the following medications help well:
- Mix 40-60 ml of 3% hydrogen peroxide with half a glass of water and mix well. The mixture is poured into any non-metallic container in which you want to immerse the nails for 2-3 minutes. After that, you need to rub the yellow spots on the nails with a toothbrush, and then apply a moisturizer on your fingers. Manipulation is carried out once a week for 2 months.
- Squeeze the juice from 1 medium-sized lemon and place your fingers in a container so that the liquid covers the entire nail. After 15 minutes, rub your nails with a toothbrush, then thoroughly wash your hands without soap and apply a nourishing cream.
- Squeeze a little toothpaste onto the toothbrush and rub the nail plate. It is important that the tool does not fall on the cuticle or the skin around the nails. After the procedure, the hands should be washed and wiped dry.
- 1 spoonful of baking powder mixed with a quarter of Art. l citric acid and mix with 30 ml of water. All ingredients are thoroughly mixed, and the finished composition is applied to the nails for 10 minutes. Then wash your hands well and treat with a nourishing cream. You need to do the procedure once a week.
- Mix a tablespoon of baking powder with 8 ml of olive oil and 5 ml of lemon juice. Beat the mixture well and apply on nails for 4-5 minutes, then rinse.
- Apple cider vinegar mixed with water in equal proportions. Immerse the nails in the liquid for 20 minutes, and then rinse the fingers well with clean water. This manipulation can be carried out 3 times a day.
In addition to drugs, it is necessary to address the issue of nutrition correction. In the absence of contraindications, it is necessary to include in the diet olive oil, vegetables and fruits, as well as other products enriched with vitamins.
You should regularly eat porridge from different types of cereals, whole grain bread, meat, liver, since these products are enriched with vitamins of group B.
Which doctor to contact for treatment?
First of all, you need to turn to the therapist. After the initial examination and anamnesis, he will prescribe the necessary diagnostic procedures. Most often this is a blood test, seeding on the flora, and, if necessary, and X-ray.
If we are talking about an infection of the skin and nails, then the patient is sent for a consultation with a dermatologist.