Metabolic disorders: symptoms, causes and treatment

Disruption of metabolic processes in the body is one of the most common causes of weight gain and the development of obesity.

With this deviation, hair, skin, nails also suffer, the general state of health is disturbed, emotional lability arises. It is possible to get rid of a deviation only after finding out its cause. If the problem lies not in diseases, then it can be eliminated by correcting diet and lifestyle.

But in the case of the pathological etiology of metabolic disorders, serious medical therapy may be required.

Causes of metabolic disorders

Malfunction in the process of metabolism in the female body can occur under the influence of:

  • systematic overeating;
  • abuse of harmful products;
  • stress;
  • hypodynamia;
  • lack of sleep;
  • poisoning the body with toxins;
  • bad habits;
  • hypothyroidism;
  • endocrine disorders accompanied by hormonal imbalance in the body;
  • unfavorable heredity.

In men, impaired metabolic processes can be caused by testicular dysfunction. Low secretion of testosterone and other hormones that have a direct effect on metabolism also affects the appearance of excess weight.

In women, a metabolic disorder can occur after an abortion, difficult childbirth, chronic or complicated pathologies of the reproductive organs.

Types of metabolic disorders

Metabolic disorders has its own classification. So, there are such types of it:

  1. Violation of protein metabolism. Protein is the basis for the production of hormones and enzymes. In the human body, it is not secreted by any glands, and enters it only with food. Insufficient use of products enriched with proteins leads to the fact that the body begins to remove it from muscles, bones, and various internal organs. As a result, the normal functioning of the body is disrupted, which can not but affect the metabolism.
  2. Violation of fat metabolism. The main reasons are exhaustion or, conversely, overweight. Fasting provokes hormonal imbalance, suppression of immunity, deterioration of the skin, hair, etc. And in patients with obesity, the likelihood of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease associated with hypercholesterolemia increases.
  3. Disruption of carbohydrate metabolism. The most common pathologies associated with such a deviation are hyperglycemia (elevated blood glucose) and hypoglycemia. With elevated levels of sugar in the blood, we can talk about constant overeating, diabetes, hypothyroidism, and adrenal pathologies. This deviation can have both primary and secondary nature. When hypoglycemia can talk about the renal and hepatic pathologies, low-carb or carbohydrate diet, disorders in the digestive tract.
  4. Water metabolism disorder. In this situation, either fluid retention in the body or, conversely, dehydration (dehydration) can be observed. Both conditions are equally dangerous. With fluid retention, edemas are formed, and the kidneys are subjected to additional stress. When dehydration increases the risk of thickening of the blood, the activity of the urinary system is disturbed, hypertension develops, etc.
  5. Crash of vitamin exchange. Avitaminosis, multivitaminosis, hypovitaminosis - all these deviations are the result of a violation of the absorption and distribution of vitamins. Each of the situations is fraught with serious consequences.
  6. The breakdown of mineral metabolism. An imbalance of minerals in the body provokes suppression of the functions of the immune system. As a result, many organs and tissues are affected, and various pathologies develop.
  7. Violation of acid-base balance. In a healthy person, acids and bases are in a harmonious state. When this balance is disturbed, the consequences can be different - from mood swings to death.

Symptoms

Metabolic disorders cause disorders of many functions in the body. As a result, the patient has symptoms in the form of:

  • destruction of the tooth structure;
  • rapid weight gain;
  • apnea;
  • constipation or diarrhea;
  • edema formation;
  • changes in skin tone;
  • nail lamination;
  • hair loss and cross sections.

Many women who have noted the presence of symptoms of metabolic disorders, in particular the rapid weight gain, are trying to get rid of the problem on their own. But self-treatment in this case is dangerous, since it is not known what exactly provoked such a failure. Therefore, any measures should be taken only after consulting a doctor.

The danger of self-treatment is that weight gain is associated with a violation of fat metabolism. The liver can not cope with the processing of fat entering the body in large quantities, so it settles on the walls of blood vessels in the form of LDL and cholesterol plaques. As a result, pathologies of the heart and blood vessels develop, which, with a non-professional approach to therapy, can be extremely dangerous.

Therefore, noticing the first warning signs of a metabolic disorder in the body, a woman should immediately seek medical help.

Diagnostics

Independently suspect a violation of metabolic processes is difficult, but possible, if you look closely at the symptoms. But this is not enough, because it is important to understand why there was a failure. For this reason, with the previously described symptoms, you need to contact an endocrinologist, who will conduct an examination and survey, examine complaints in detail, calculate body mass index, compare weight and height, and carry out many other diagnostic measures.

After the initial consultation, the patient is sent to a number of studies:

  1. Blood chemistry. Triglyceride levels, thyroid hormones T3 and T4, lipoprotein, homocistine, creatinine, microalbumin, etc. are investigated.
  2. Urine test
  3. CT scan.
  4. Doppler study of the carotid arteries.
  5. Ultrasound of the gallbladder, pancreas, liver, kidneys.
  6. ECG.

Comprehensive examination is necessary for accurate determination of the organ whose malfunction in activity caused a metabolic disorder.

How to treat a metabolic disorder?

Treatment of impaired metabolism requires an individual approach. For a start, it is important to identify and eliminate the causes of deviations, and then only engage in the normalization of metabolism.

Usually patients help:

  • diet correction;
  • regulation of the day regimen;
  • playing sports.

But such methods will be effective only if metabolism failure is not associated with heredity or serious pathologies. With the ineffectiveness of these measures, the patient is given a course of pharmacotherapy.

Diet and nutrition

To normalize metabolic processes in the body, it is necessary to make adjustments to the diet. Experts recommend following these rules:

  1. Eat fractional throughout the day. Portions should be small, but they should be consumed frequently: at intervals of 2 to 3 hours. Feelings of hunger should not be allowed, because it slows down the metabolism.
  2. Preference should be given to easily digestible food: fruits, vegetables, berries, herbs, salads, fish.
  3. The last meal should be carried out no later than 3 hours before bedtime.
  4. Include fish in the menu. It is enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and other beneficial substances that help break down fats and prevent their deposition.
  5. Drink enough liquid.

At the same time, it is necessary to say goodbye to long:

  • baking
  • baking;
  • flour products;
  • milk soups;
  • cereals;
  • pasta;
  • potato dishes;
  • fatty meats;
  • sausages;
  • sausages;
  • rolls;
  • canned food;
  • fermented milk products with a high percentage of fat;
  • mayonnaise and other similar sauces;
  • sweets;
  • sugar;
  • carbonated water;
  • packaged juices.

It is useful to regularly use vegetable oils (preference is better to give olive) and walnuts.

Physical Education

Under the influence of exercise can be achieved:

  • increased energy costs;
  • improving metabolism;
  • improving the work of the central nervous system;
  • recovery of the exchange regulation process;
  • increase the activity of the glands.

A set of exercises should be developed only by a doctor. You need to start with loads of minimal intensity - walking or massage.

Gradually, the load increases. So, for the day, the patient will need to walk about 10 km, run, swim, ski, etc. But the course of physical therapy will be effective only with overweight. The average duration of classes is from 50 minutes to 1 hour per day.

Folk remedies

Effective in violation of metabolism will be the following recipes.

Walnut Infusion

Pour a glass of boiling water 2 tsp. walnut leaves and insist for an hour. Strain the infusion and drink 4 times a day for half a glass before meals.

Grass collection

Take in equal proportions chamomile flowers, the herb of St. John's wort and immortelle, birch buds. Pour all ingredients into a glass container and store under cover. Every day you need to brew a tablespoon of raw materials 2 cups of boiling water and leave for 20 minutes. After this, the infusion needs to be filtered and pressed. Take before going to bed.

Garlic tincture

350 grams of garlic grate on a fine grater or mince. The resulting slurry pour 200 ml of high-quality vodka or alcohol, and insist in a dark cool place for a week or 10 days. After that, strain the tincture, discard the cake, and pour the medicine into a bottle of dark glass. It is necessary to begin reception with 2 drops, daily increasing it by 2 drops. The duration of therapy is 11 days.

Multicomponent infusion

Nut leaves in equal proportions mixed with:

  • grass series;
  • flowers of elderberry black;
  • burdock leaves and roots;
  • strawberry and birch leaves;
  • hop cones;
  • roots licorice;
  • grass yasnotki.

1 tbsp. l with a slide of dry raw materials pour a glass of boiling water and insist for an hour. Cool and filter. Take half a glass in between meals.

Blooming Sally

Cyprus is very useful for losing weight. It can be purchased at the pharmacy, and consumed instead of the usual tea or coffee. 1 - 2 tea bags need to pour a glass of boiling water and wait 15 minutes. Drink half an hour before meals. Take 2-3 times a day.

Prevention

In order to avoid metabolic disorders, you must:

  • regularly hold fasting days;
  • take vitamins 2 times a year;
  • calculate BZHU and strictly follow the obtained indicators;
  • balance the diet;
  • strengthen the immune system;
  • to engage in sports according to your strength and abilities;
  • avoid stress;
  • follow the developed mode of the day;
  • give up bad habits;
  • watch your weight carefully;
  • lead an active and healthy lifestyle.

Metabolic disorders - a dangerous deviation, which is fraught with serious consequences. And therefore one should not treat it lightly - with this deviation it is necessary to fight. And it’s not just about overweight: in comparison with the consequences that a metabolic disorder can cause, overweight is one of the most easily solved problems.

Watch the video: Do you have Metabolic Syndrome? (October 2019).

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