Biting the cheek while eating is a very common phenomenon that I have encountered, at least once, every person without exception.
Often this is due to the fact that a person eats and speaks at the same time. In this case, he can bite not only his cheek, but his tongue or lips. But sometimes the reasons for biting the inside of the cheek often can be found not only in the habit of talking while eating. There are other factors that can lead to this.
And they need to understand before starting treatment.
It would seem that the problem is rather banal and does not require special attention. But in fact, the reasons for the constant biting of the cheeks, and not only during the meal, can be the most serious. In particular, they are associated with:
- Bruxism. This pathology is accompanied by involuntary compression of the jaw during a night's sleep. As a result, a certain zone of the inner part of the cheek is clamped between the teeth. Bruxism has a direct connection with the mental and psychological state of man.
- Tooth filling. Properly selected in size, the seal does not lead to any problems. But if she, at least, slightly protrudes beyond the edges of the tooth surface, she will rub her cheek.
- Features anatomical structure of the jaw. They are laid in the period of intrauterine development. People with the wrong bite or protruding lower jaw most often bite the cheek from the inside. To correct the bite, you will need to install braces, the wearing of which is designed for a long period of time.
- Feature of the structure of the teeth. The stiffness of the enamel on the back fours results in cheek biting, especially during fast chewing of food. As a result, a painful wound is formed on the mucous membrane.
- Habit Some people have the habit of constantly chewing the inside of their cheeks. Over time, this habit only takes root, which entails the appearance of bleeding wounds on the mucous membrane, which do not have time to heal. It is necessary to get rid of such a habit, otherwise a person risks getting not only constant pain, but also the development of inflammatory processes in the tissues of the buccal mucosa.
- The introduction of local anesthetics during dental procedures. Due to the leakage of the treated area, the patient may accidentally bite his cheek, but he will not notice this until the end of the anesthetic.
Children too often bite the cheek from the inside. In most cases, this happens during active games, when the kid simply does not have time to watch his movements.
Systematic biting of the inside of the cheek over time leads to the formation of growth. It interferes with the complete closure of the jaws, and is also often rubbed, especially with artificial dental crowns.
After injury, the damaged part of the inner side should be immediately treated with an antiseptic. There are several options for the most effective disinfectants, it is:
- Chlorhexidine. It can be purchased at any pharmacy, and at a fairly low price. After the rinsing of the mouth, it is necessary to treat the wound formed with an acetic-aqueous solution. If the wound on the inside of the cheek has already begun to fester, then it should be treated every half hour. Note: to enhance the effect of chlorhexidine, it is recommended to bring the solution to a temperature of 22 degrees.
- Holisal. Dental gel used to treat gums. It has antiseptic and bactericidal properties. Treat prokushennuyu cheek mucosa need several times a day. For half an hour after smearing the wound, you can not eat or drink anything, and you shouldn’t rinse the mouth.
It is possible to carry out processing of the bitten place with ordinary green herbs. Zelenka has a drying effect, has a disinfecting effect. The drug should be used in the event that a person is always at home. To reorganize the need for leaching of green stuff from the surface of the treated area with saliva.
When a wound or ulcer is formed, under no circumstances should the following measures be taken:
- burning with alcohol solutions (iodine, lugol, green paint);
- touch the damaged area with dirty hands;
- rinsing the mouth with hot broths, since under the influence of high temperatures the bleeding from the wound may open up or intensify;
- piercing the blister with a needle or a pin;
- self-treatment with antibiotics - both systemic and local.
If blood has come from the nibbled spot, rinse the mouth with clean cold water. Low temperatures contribute to the narrowing of blood vessels, so the bleeding stops quickly.
For rinsing the mouth, an excellent antiseptic is soda solution. For its preparation you need 1 tsp. baking soda dissolved in a glass of boiled water. The whole mixture is used for 1 rinse. Preparation of new fresh medicines is carried out immediately before its use.
Some medicinal herbs also have pronounced antiseptic properties:
- Pharmaceutical camomile. 1 tbsp. l dry flowers plants need to brew a glass of boiling water and insist under the lid for 25 minutes. After the infusion, strain and cool to room temperature. If necessary, the drug can be brought to the original volume with boiled water. Rinse the mouth 3 - 5 times a day.
- Cut off the bottom sheet of mature aloe, wash and put in a cold place for 12 hours. After that, cut it in half, apply one half to the bitten part of the cheek with the pulp to the wound. Hold 10 - 15 minutes.
- You can lubricate the wounds with fresh juice of yarrow or nettle. For rinsing the mouth apply infusions or decoctions based on these plants. To do this, 15 g of leaves of the plant should be finely chopped and pour a glass of boiling water. Stew in a water bath for 15 minutes, then cool and filter. Fresh rinse should be prepared before each rinse.
When is medical help needed?
The situations when the help of the dentist is obligatory are:
- large wound depth, for the healing of which it is necessary to put stitches;
- after a lip bite, a lump with a diameter of 5 mm or more was formed, or a hematoma formed in the damaged area;
- bleeding can not be stopped on its own, or it periodically reopens;
- there is extensive damage to the tongue with ragged wounds along the edges;
- pain lasts for more than 3 days, while improvement does not occur.
Complications and consequences
Wounds in the inner side of the cheek can cause the development of an intense inflammatory process. Moreover, there is a high risk of attaching a secondary infection - bacterial or fungal. Such diseases are accompanied by the formation of wounds and ulcers that require thorough dental examination. Often doctors make the following diagnoses:
- Aphthous stomatitis. Chronic oral infectious disease, characterized by periodic exacerbations. The disease is accompanied by the formation of small ulcers - aft. They can be located anywhere on the oropharynx, and cause severe pain.
- Herpetic stomatitis is an infectious pathology caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1. For this type of disease, the appearance of vesicular eruptions on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity is characteristic. They can be located not only on the gums or the inside of the cheek, but also on the palatine arches, soft and hard palate. Most often, this type of stomatitis is diagnosed in women and small children.
- Traumatic ulcer. Perhaps the most frequent diagnosis that occurs on the background of cheek mucous projectiles, improper brushing of teeth, burns, etc. For such damage, severe pain is a characteristic symptom. However, with proper and timely treatment, as well as in the absence of permanent injury, this phenomenon quickly passes without consequences for human health.
- Afta Bednar is a disease that also often develops after biting the inside of the cheek. In children, it may be due to improper oral hygiene, or a complete lack of care for it. The disease is accompanied by an intense inflammatory process that develops when a particular type of pathogenic microorganism penetrates into the damaged areas of the mucosa. With such a lesion on the mucous membrane is found yellow-white bloom.
Independently making an accurate diagnosis is extremely problematic, so you need to seek medical advice from a dentist or therapist.
With frequent biting of the cheek from the inside, you must first find out the reason for this. If it lies in the wrong set of fillings or dental crown, in this case, the dental unit must be replaced with a new one to avoid repeated injury to the buccal mucosa.
If there are bumps that prevent the jaws from closing completely, the dentist may resort to such a procedure as grinding. This method is initially used as part of complex periodontal treatment, and is aimed at reducing the load exerted on the ligamentous apparatus of the tooth. But sometimes the technique can be applied in isolation, and traumatizing the inside of the cheek with a dental tubercle is exactly the situation when it is necessary.