Dry calluses are called formations that occur on the skin due to the death and coarsening of its particles.
Most often they appear on the soles of the feet, palms or fingers of the lower and upper extremities. This is a rather unpleasant and painful growth, which, moreover, can be a sign of certain diseases.
Therefore, it is not necessary to reduce corns, without finding out the reason for their formation.
A dry callus is a skin tumor with a stem, formed from coarse particles of the epidermis, and localized on the toes and the soles of the feet. Outwardly, it looks like a normal callus, but such a growth can be distinguished by the black dot at its center - the stem.
In a healthy person, the skin is regularly updated, but under the influence of certain factors, this process is disturbed. Dead cells grow coarse and cease to flake off, which causes hyperkeratosis. If, against this background, a cartilage-shaped cone begins to form, they are talking about the formation of a corn.
The cone of corn is directed deep into the skin, and its core causes compression of microvessels. The trophic skin gradually deteriorates, and the cone continues to grow. For this reason, it is impossible to remove such a growth, removing only its top.
The reasons for the formation of dry corn can be covered in:
- Shine shoes Tight, poor-quality shoes made of synthetic materials, leads to squeezing and rubbing the foot. In addition, legs in products from artificial matter begin to “steam”, that is, to sweat a lot. There is irritation, accompanied by itching, redness, and burning sensation. In parallel, microcracks may form. Also, dry corns are often formed in women wearing high-heeled shoes. In this case, there is an incorrect distribution of the load, most of which falls on the heels, toes and the front of the foot. It is under the influence of increased pressure on a specific zone that dry calluses appear.
- Walking barefoot. Such walks, undoubtedly, are very useful, but sometimes they can cause harm to health and cause the formation of dry corns. In particular, this applies to barefoot walking too often on uneven, hard surfaces.
- Infectious processes. Penetration of pathogenic microorganisms or fungi in the skin can lead to the formation of dry corns.
- The presence of concomitant diseases. Often the appearance of such growths is associated with the presence of a patient's bursitis, arthritis, heel spurs, deforming osteoarthritis and other similar diseases.
- Microtrauma on the skin. Any third-party items (splinters, glass, chips, etc.) lead to a specific reaction of the body, which is manifested by the formation of a capsule of dead skin particles.
Dry corn may be the result of hyperhidrosis of the feet or the lack of timely treatment in the formation of wet corn. Such growths are a frequent occurrence in people who wear loose stockings, socks or pantyhose. Such products roll down and form folds in the shoes, sodium foot and causing the formation of calluses. Torn insoles and rough seams on the shoes also cause friction and traumatize the sole.
Dry corns come in several types:
- Solid. This is a dense growth that protrudes above the skin and does not cause discomfort when walking. When you press on the tumor may appear slight pain.
- Soft. Such growths in their appearance resemble a wound. They cause pain, and are most often localized between the fingers.
- Corns with rods. Earlier we described the specifics of such a neoplasm. In addition to the above, it is worth noting that such growths are formed mainly on the little fingers and the back sides of the interphalangeal joints.
There is another kind of corns, which is extremely rare, fibrous or vascular. It looks like a honeycomb, riddled with small blood vessels. This growth is very easily infected, which can lead to its growth into healthy areas of the skin.
Symptoms and photos
If the neoplasm does not have a rod, it looks like a patch of yellowish skin. Form - rounded with clear boundaries. A small reddish zone may be localized around this formation. To the touch the corn is dense, rough, when you press the pain does not occur.
For corn, the appearance is typical:
- roundish cornified epidermis yellowish or whitish;
- pain when you press the growth;
- the crust in the center of the seal, which, when stripped off, shows a dense, light-colored hollow.
How to treat dry corn?
You can remove dry calluses on the legs and toes with the help of:
- laser coagulation;
- means of alternative medicine.
How to remove dry calluses on the feet: drug treatment
Many people who are confronted with the problem of dry corns, first of all, are wondering about the possibility of conducting conservative, drug treatment. And if the growth does not have a deep rod, it is quite possible to get rid of it using similar methods. The indisputable advantage of pharmacotherapy in these skin tumors is the ease of use of drugs and the possibility of their use at home.
Most often for the removal of dry calluses on the legs and feet are appointed:
- Salicylic Acid Drugs - Salicylic Ointment, Solution or Salip Patch. Salicylic acid has a softening effect. Apply medicine based on it is necessary on the pre-cleansed, steamed skin of corn. Under the influence of the active substance, the coarsened epidermis becomes soft, therefore, its layer-by-layer removal becomes possible. Identical principle of action is characteristic of the Nemozol cream containing salicylate and sulfur. Due to this composition, the drug has a softening, antiseptic, antifungal, wound-healing effect.
- Preparations containing hydrocolloids. In particular, you should pay attention to the Kompid silicone plaster. It creates a moist environment in the area where the corn is located, while salicylic acid acts directly on the corneocytes. The patch is released in different forms, which makes it convenient to use for different zones. In particular, it can be glued to the interdigital space or heels. The product must be kept on the skin until it itself comes off.
- Gels containing 3-chloroacetic acid. As an example, you can call Wartner gel, which is available in the form of a pen applicator.
- Medicines containing refrigerants. For example, Cryopharma. With the help of this tool, the nutrition of the upper layer of the skin is stopped, resulting in a kind of blister. Subsequently, he independently disappears.
- Phenol preparations burn out areas affected by hyperkeratosis.
- Funds on a natural basis. This may include drug solutions Superpistotel or Papillek. They are applied exclusively on the area of corn. The skin around it should not be processed, since contact with the alkaline components of the drug can cause a burn. For this reason, before removing a growth with their help, healthy epidermis should be smeared with a thick cream or vegetable oil. Such therapy takes, on average, from 5 to 7 days. But everything is purely individual, therefore in any situation the duration of the use of the selected agent is determined separately for each person.
- Combined drugs containing chemical and natural ingredients.
How to cure dry callus on the foot of folk remedies
You can remove the growth with the help of folk remedies. They help soften the skin and remove it in layers. The following medications will be effective:
- Onion peel with vinegar. To prepare the medicine, you need to pour a few parts of onion peel in a jar with 9% vinegar solution. Cover the container with a lid and let it brew for 14 days in a dark place. Then the growth should be smeared with petroleum jelly, put onion peel on top of it and bandage the leg with a bandage. To leave a compress for the night, then, next morning, the foot needs to be steamed. As a rule, at this time part of the sling falls off. Repeat the manipulation should be a day to the complete disappearance of the corn.
- Calendula ointment perfectly copes with fresh growths. Fresh marigold flowers should be finely chopped, mixed with a small amount of warm water and applied to the corn. Treatment continued for 10 days.
- Garlic ointment. Peel the garlic, bake in the oven, crush to a state of gruel and mix in equal proportions with butter. Apply the ointment on the corn, cover with a clean dressing and leave for 2 hours. Repeat every 2 days.
- Alcohol tincture of propolis. The finished product can be purchased at the pharmacy, or you can do it yourself, pour propolis with a stick with half a glass of alcohol. After 2 weeks, salicylic acid should be added to the liquid in an amount equal to 1/3 of the tincture. Shake the mixture well, process the corn with it and bandage the lubricated area. It is possible to get rid of a growth after 5 - 7 such procedures.
- Egg-vinegar mixture. 1 chicken egg well washed, put in a glass container and pour vinegar. Leave for 8 days and allow the egg to completely dissolve. Next, in the resulting mixture should moisten a clean cloth, attach it to the corn, cover with cellophane on top and bandage. Apply until the complete disappearance of tumors.
- Garlic cake. Chop a clove of garlic to a state of gruel, add 5 ml of acetic essence and a little flour. Make a cake, then in the patch to make a hole corresponding to the size of the cake, and attach to the corn. Wrap the bandage over the compress and tape the treated area again with a plaster. After 2 - 3 days, the growth is removed along with the compress.
Steaming trays are considered very effective. They can be used as an independent medical procedure, or as preparation for ointment therapy. After steaming, the skin in the area of the corn must be wiped with a hard towel, or rubbed with pumice stone (or a special nail file). Next, apply ointment or lay down a compress. If a cauterizing solution is used after steaming, neither pumice stone nor a nail file can be used.
Steaming is done according to the following rules:
- pour 4-5 liters of hot water into a basin or bowl;
- add liquid or grated soap;
- lower the legs into the container for 15–20 minutes;
- wipe your feet with a clean towel after the bath;
- take pumice stone or file and massage the callus in a circular motion;
- apply the prepared preparation on the treated growth.
The following bath recipes will be effective:
- Salt. This product has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and peeling action. To prepare the solution for the bath it is necessary to dissolve 4 tbsp in 4 liters of hot water. l salt. In case of old calluses, it is recommended to add 1 l of milk or 10% cream to the liquid. Dairy products will help to quickly soften the hardened corn.
- Potassium permanganate Such baths are useful for calluses that have not yet hardened. Manganese burns growths, so that they become smaller. The color of the liquid should be pinkish - so that through the water clearly visible toes submerged feet.
- Broths of medicinal plants. They can be used both independently and in combination with other solutions for foot baths. Medicinal plants relieve inflammation and dry the skin. To prepare the infusion, you must brew 3 tbsp. l raw 500 ml boiling water. Infuse for 20 minutes, strain and mix with water or bath solution.
How to remove dry callus on toe
In the absence of a therapeutic effect from home methods of dealing with dry calluses, the doctor may recommend her surgical or hardware removal of dry calluses on the toe.
This can be done in several ways:
- Liquid nitrogen. Cryodestruction involves the application of liquid nitrogen at low temperatures on the area of the corn with an applicator or special device for 20-30 seconds. If necessary, the procedure is repeated. After a few days the growth grows pale and disappears on its own. During the rehabilitation period, the area of the corn should be lubricated with an antiseptic and sealed with a plaster. This will help avoid the adherence of a secondary infection that may trigger the formation of a new skin defect.
- By laser. With the help of a laser beam, the corns are heated and removed in layers. After such therapy, the recovery period takes less time than after cryotherapy. But to observe the precautions described in the above paragraph, it is still necessary. Usually, the antiseptic Fukortsin is used to treat the place where the tumor was previously located.
Corn can not be cut or husked on their own. Such rash actions are fraught with growth injury and foot infection.
To dry calluses on the legs no longer appear, it is necessary to follow certain rules of prevention. They are:
- Wearing comfortable and high-quality shoes. You can not buy shoes on the size of less, which often make women to visually reduce the foot. Such footwear squeezes and rub feet, which can lead to the formation of bleeding calluses, which gradually become dry. It is necessary to select a product that “sits” freely on the sole, and when walking between the insole and the foot, an airbag was created.
- Apply special deodorants, powders, talcum powder or cosmetic powder with excessive sweating of the feet. It is also important to regularly change socks, stockings or pantyhose, since the increased moisture of the sole leads to irritation and cracking of the skin. You should also choose products made from cotton or other natural fabrics.
- Proper nutrition. Abuse of junk food, junk food and by-products leads to metabolic disorders. It provokes numerous diseases that may be complicated by the formation of dry corns.
- Pedicure several times a month. To do this, you can visit a beauty salon, or purchase a special set to perform all the manipulations yourself.
- Steaming out the legs. You can also make baths using the previously described solutions. It is recommended to do them at least 1 time per week. This procedure perfectly softens the skin, and also helps to relax the whole body.
The feet and toes are an important part of the musculoskeletal system. It is on them that the main physical exertion is found, so their health must always be taken care of.
It is important to comply with the above preventive measures to prevent the formation of dry corn. If she has already formed, you should immediately begin her treatment. The sooner you can get rid of it, the less pain and discomfort it will cause.